How to Become A Software Engineer in 2020
Having sleepless nights thinking about unemployment in Nigeria, having a hard time searching for jobs in Nigeria? There are sure plenty of jobs out there that you can take the opportunity to keep yourself really busy, engaging, and one that you can possibly make a career out of.
From full-term jobs to remote jobs or part-time jobs, there is a beehive of opportunities in Nigeria that is sitting there just waiting for you to grab and take leverage. The good thing with some of these jobs is that you necessarily do not need to go to university to learn them, do not get me wrong university education is important and you should go school, but then the point is that some of these jobs are jobs that you can easily learn outside the four walls of the university, although there is some university that offers the course that will make you qualified to do these jobs, however, there are other professional courses that you can do to have a good grasp of these jobs making you a certified PRO.
Numerous among these jobs is software engineer, yes there are many myths that surround becoming a software engineer, some call them nerd or geeks because of their perchance for the horned rimmed iron glasses and their unending romance with the computer and other IT gadgets. It is a common joke on social media backed up with several memes that ladies should never date IT guys because they never leave their laptops. Funny right
While jobs in Nigeria might be hard to secure, as a student, graduate … it is a job that you can adapt and learn during the holidays probably as a hobby, the internet, especially platforms like YouTube gives tons of content which explain with illustrations on how you can become a software engineer.
Earlier on I told you that there are many myths surrounding the word or job software engineer that is misconceptions that are ABSOLUTELY FALSE about the job, but right before we dig into that blaring on all cylinders; let us take a cheeky right turn to explain what or who a software engineer is. Maybe we can start re-writing the misconceptions and housewives tales that software engineers are not synonymous with yahoo-yahoo or hackers.
Who is A Software Engineers?
Software engineering is a process of analyzing user requirement and then designing, building, and testing software application which will satisfy those requirements. Now I doubt if you understand this definition except you are internet or IT savvy, probably a computer science student, so let us try defining this in another way which might actually be better.
Using your sense of imagination, what comes to your head when you think about Software Engineer?
A super-genius type who creates thing out of the thin air like a magician by just sitting and pressing a bunch of keys on the keyboard, like Bill Gates, Alan Turing? Or someone in a dark room with his horned rimmed glasses, a cup of coffee with soft weird music typing furiously like a rabbit working his way through a sack of carrots!
Maybe you envision a corporate-style engineer- with really big headphones and going to scrum meetings in an office or a freelance/remote “digital nomad “engineer who codes from a café on the beach wearing a floral patterned beach top and shorts with dark sunshades to rock.
So to a simpler definition, a software engineer is someone who uses computer principles to develop software solutions that will satisfy the wants and needs of businesses and consumers. Software engineers create many types of solutions such as desktop and web applications, mobile apps, games, yes mobile games, that FIFA 2020 PC games that you so like playing were created by a software engineer, they also create robots, operating systems, network system among many other applications and software.
However there is a big difference between software developer and software developer, the two are often used interchangeably by many people, I bet you probably do not know that. Cheers!!! Here is your chance to know.
Difference Between A Software Engineer and Software Developer
A software engineer is someone who applies computer science and engineering concept to create software solutions. A software engineer understands why the code works, and the best, most efficient way to write it.
On the other hand, a software developer is the creative driving force behind making the solution come to life.
What Does a Software Engineer Do- Responsibilities?
Software engineers support the product delivery process to take a project from its goal and requirements to the final level product. Their responsibilities are listed below
- Design, implement, test, and maintain logic component
- Design and build systems with automated instrumentation and monitoring
- Consistently improve the maintainability and stability of the codebase.
- Collaborate with product and business operations teams to translate business requirements and build highly robust and scalable products.
- He or she should be a good programmer and should be well-versed in data structures and algorithms.
- Should be fluent in more than one programming language.
- Should be familiar with various design approaches.
- Responsible for defining the feasibility of software operations through problem definition, evaluation, analysis, and solution development.
- Documenting and demonstrating solutions by developing flowcharts, diagrams, documentation, diagrams, layouts, code comments, etc.
- Developing solutions by following software development standards.
- Improves operations by completing systems analysis work and make a recommendation for inefficient procedures and policies.
- Obtaining and licensing software after gaining relevant data from vendors.
- Testing and approving products
- Providing relevant data through the collection, analysis, and summarizing of service and development issues
Common Misconceptions About Software Engineers
- Software Engineers are for special people– this is absolutely not true, software engineers, developers, programmers, or whatever you choose to call them are not geniuses nor do they possess some extra-ordinary skills to become one. Like every other member of society, anyone can become a software engineer. All you need is interest and commitment. However, we cannot deny the fact that the learning process of each child is relative which implies that we have fast learners as well as slow ones. However, this does not imply that the job is for only some special set of people.
- I need to be a math geek to learn Software Developing– to be a full-time software engineer; you do not have to be gifted in mathematics. You do not need to learn advanced mathematics or statistics or anything related, however, you need to know basic algebra and practice strong problem-solving skills. Other than these two prerequisites there are no other ones.
- Software Engineering is for young people– this is absolutely untrue as anybody can become a software engineer. Either you are young or old, male or female; you can become a certified software engineer. This means that you are never too late to start a career in software engineering.
Here Are Some Best Practices for Software Engineers:
- Software engineers should act in such a way that it is beneficial to the client as well as the employer.
- Ensure software products and related modifications that should meet the highest professional standards.
- Need to maintain integrity and independence in their professional approach.
- Promote an ethical approach for software development and maintenance.
- Software engineers shall be supportive of their colleagues
Essential Technical Skills for Software Engineers
There are a couple of technical skills you’ll need to know in order to become a software engineer. These software engineering skills include programming languages, development processes, and other technical concepts.
- Java, Python, C, Ruby. In order to become a software engineer, you’ll need to know at least one programming language used in software development. The exact language(s) you need to know will depend on the role for which you are applying, but it’s helpful to know Java, Python, C, or Ruby. If you’re looking to develop software for Apple products, you may want to know Swift or Objective-C
- Software Testing and Debugging. After you have written code, you’ll need to test it and make sure it functions as intended. You’ll need to know how to write tests to ensure your code is functional. You’ll also need to know how to find and fix bugs in your code – a key part of any job in coding.
- Object-Oriented Design. The object-oriented design has become increasingly popular over the last few years, a method of design that involves planning a system of interacting objects to solve a software problem. You should have an awareness of how object-oriented design works, and an understanding of the core concepts of this development technique: abstraction; inheritance; and encapsulation.
- Data Structures and Algorithms. You should have a strong understanding of basic algorithms such as different methods of sorting and searching through data sets. You should also understand different formats of storing data, and how applications process this data.
- Web Services and APIs. As a software engineer, you may be building tools that interact with web-based services, tools, and databases. As a result, you’ll need to know the basics of working with web technologies and using APIs to retrieve and amend data.
Essential Soft Skills for Software Engineers
Software engineers need more than just technical skills to be successful – you’ll need a set of “soft” skills as well. The top soft skills you can expect to use on the job include:
- Teamwork. You’re going to have to work as part of a team as a software engineer. You should be able to work effectively with others, be willing to support others when they are struggling, and know how to respond to collaborative environments.
- Attention to Detail. Software engineers need to pay attention to detail. After all, one misplaced character could prevent a program from running, or from operating correctly. You should be able to pay attention to every detail and think about the impact of each change you make on the broader program.
- Problem Solving. To succeed in any role in programming, you have to be good at solving problems. You should be able to break down problems into smaller components and think critically to come up with an efficient solution to that problem. Indeed, software engineering is all about solving problems through code.
Software Engineering Certifications
An additional step that will help you stand out in the job interview process is certifications. Certifications are like exams that let employers know you meet a certain skill or knowledge required for a particular technology.
Here are some of the most useful certifications for software engineers:
- Amazon AWS Certification
- Microsoft MCSD
- Oracle Certified Associate
- CIW Web Foundations Associate
- Rather than try to collect as many as possible, focus on certifications that will support the technologies you plan to use most in your career
How to Become a Software Engineer
#1: Be intentional about what you want
Starting a new career is not easy. However, when you have a final destination in mind, it helps when you find and deal with a hurdle in your road. You should have a clear goal like:
I want to build my career as a software engineer
I want to work as a software engineer at an established IT company.
I want to work as a team member and get paid well for it,
#2: Get An Education
Completing a formal education is the first step toward becoming a software engineer. Prospective students can select from both traditional and nontraditional training programs to gain the education necessary to pursue entry-level positions.
#3: Learn Programming Languages
#4: Do Some Internships
Internships are the best opportunity for students to get hands-on industry experience and exposure and that’s the reason it opens a lot of job opportunities. A lot of companies offer internships for students who want to work on industry projects. In internship students’ get practical training and real industry exposure where they work on some projects or products related to their skills, they also learn how to work under a team and it helps them to adapt to the company culture.
Generally, internships are three to six months long for students and we recommend every student to go for some internship programs during their college time. Doing an internship can be really helpful in getting a full-time job offer and the same company where you are working as an intern can give you the opportunity for a full-time position once you complete your internship.
#5: Enhance Your Skills
Programming is a never-ending journey so your education is not finished when you have completed your degree. It’s true that pursuing a degree helps in understanding the core principle of software engineering but you should know how to implement academic knowledge practically in the real world. You need to keep practicing and you need to keep updating yourself with software updates and new technologies. You should have the knowledge of some tools and technologies that are being used in industries