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Why to consider Canada for Masters, PhD Programme.

A postgraduate is a student who has successfully completed an undergraduate degree level course at a college or university and is undertaking further study at a more advanced level.
A postgraduate course is typically one year’s duration full time or it can take two years to complete part-time. A postgraduate diploma, postgraduate degree or Master’s degree offers the student an advanced level of education in their chosen area of study.
The course content is designed to build on the knowledge obtained at the undergraduate degree level. Often the course content is more practical in nature to better prepare the student with the skills they will need in the workplace. Completing postgraduate studies helps students further their career prospects and deepen their understanding of their area of study.
Types of Postgraduate

Degrees Certificates
A certificate is the quickest and narrowest type of post-graduate qualification you can earn, and it’s usually completed in a year or less of part-time study. Certificate programmes are highly specialised and intended to help you delve deeply into one specific area of study. Some of these programmes can also prepare you to gain official certification. These courses can be a quick way to gain experience to supplement your work or college qualifications.

Diplomas
A postgraduate diploma can be particularly useful to those looking to embark on a new direction in their career. Diploma courses usually take one or two years; they often consist of the same coursework as a Master’s degree, only lacking the research or dissertation element. Many Postgraduate Diploma courses, though, allow students the opportunity to progress on to a related Master’s degree.

Master’s Degrees
A Master’s degree is the most common type of postgraduate course. The MA and MSc offer students an unrivalled opportunity to spend one or two years studying both deeply and widely in their field. These degrees are often capped off with a research project in the form of a dissertation, which contributes original research to the subject. There are also more specialised Master’s degrees, like the MBA and LL.M., which are suitable for professionals looking to gain expertise to help advance in their careers, and these often require an undergraduate degree in a related field as well as work experience.

In Nigeria, postgraduate students have it more difficult compared to their counterparts around the world. Some of the reasons are that they tend to graduate long after the stipulated time period for their programmes, indicating an apparent disparity between “what is” and “what ought to be” in running postgraduate programmes in Nigeria. It was hypothesized that the problems encountered delayed the timely completion of studies. These included inadequate research infrastructures (facilities, equipment and electricity) and funding.

This is a major reason many post-graduate students in Nigeria prefer furthering their education in foreign countries. One major country that tends to accommodate Nigerians and other foreign students in Canada. This article will be looking at the benefits of having a post-graduate certificate from a Canadian institution.

The country’s reputation for friendliness, pristine wilderness and world-class universities has led to Canada becoming one of the world’s most popular destinations for international postgraduates, not only for Nigerians but also citizens of other countries, with numbers rising steadily each year. Home to over 200,000 international students, Canada is a major global player in higher education. Its popularity with overseas students comes as no surprise famously tolerant and with several genuinely world-class universities, Canada makes a lot of sense for postgraduates seeking an outstanding country in which to study for a Masters.

Reasons to think about a Masters in Canada

International outlook – Over 200 nationalities are represented by the student body in Canada, and Canadian society is one of the most diverse in the world.

Investment in education – Tertiary education in Canada enjoys high levels of government spending, putting it near the top of OECD countries in terms of state backing for higher education.

Bilingualism – With two official languages (English and French) and a multicultural population, Canada offers the chance to learn a new language or to improve your existing skills.

Post-Masters opportunities – If you’re keen to stay in Canada after finishing your studies, you might be eligible for a post-graduation work permit, allowing you to work in the country for the same duration as your programme.

Quality of life – The standard of living in Canada is extremely high, and the nation as a whole is a safe and stable environment in which to study.

The Canadian higher education sector is characterised by its diversity; Canadian universities vary greatly in size, history and portfolio of programmes and specialisms. Throughout Canada’s 13 provinces and territories, there are 96 universities. These are mainly public universities but private institutions exist and are accredited by the province’s authorities. Universities Canada maintains a list of Canadian higher education institutions by province.

Another reason to consider Canada is that the tuition fees for international students in Canada are relatively affordable compared to those in the UK and America, with most programmes costing somewhere between CAD $14,750 and CAD $27,300 (USD $11,930- 22,075). Arts and Humanities subjects will be at the lower end of this scale, with Dentistry, Architecture and Business nearer the top. Domestic Canadian students generally pay tuition fees at around half the rate paid by foreign students.
There are several funding opportunities for international students in Canada, as well as scholarships offered by individual universities designed to attract talented overseas postgraduates. Additionally, Canada offers a number of opportunities for work after graduation and the country’s immigration policy is geared towards retaining international talent. Completing a Canadian Masters degree could make you eligible to apply for a post-graduation work permit, which allows you to work in Canada for a period equal to the length of your study programme.

Now that we know all these, we will be taking a look at the top universities in Canada for postgraduate studies.

10 Of The Best Canadian Universities For Graduate

10. Carleton University
Ranked 301-500 in the QS Graduate Employability Rankings this year, Carleton University is located in capital city Ottawa and is active in promoting its students’ employability, with many opportunities to take part in co-op programs, volunteer work in the community, and other on-and-off campus work experiences. It receives its highest score for the alumni outcomes indicator at 163rd in the world, with an alumnus which includes three Nobel Laureates and many other notable figures in politics, entertainment, business, journalism and more.

9. University of Calgary
The University of Calgary holds its position in the graduate employability rankings from last year, sitting in the 151-160 range. It boasts an impressive score for the partnerships with employers indicator, which is higher than that of a few of the universities ranked further up in the index, including Université de Montréal, Queen’s University, and even the University of British Columbia.

8. Université de Montréal
Next in our look at the best Canadian universities for graduate employability is the French-speaking Université de Montréal, also ranked in the 151-160 range for graduate employability. Its highest score sits under the partnerships with employers category, which is around five scores higher than that of Queen’s University.

7. Western University
One of Canada’s top research universities, with more than 60 per cent of its research papers involving international collaborations, Western University sits in the 141-150 range for the graduate employability factor, with the alumni outcomes indicator displaying its highest score, which also surpasses that of both McMaster University and the University of Alberta.

6. Queen’s University
As a member of the prestigious U15 Group of Canadian Research Universities, Queen’s University is one of the world’s leading research-intensive institutions and climbed around 10 spots to now secure a place in the 101-110 range of this year’s Graduate Employability Rankings. It boasts an alumni outcomes score higher than both that of McMaster University and the University of Alberta.

5. McMaster University
With the third-highest scores in Canada for the partnerships with employers and graduate employment rate indicators, McMaster University has risen from the 101-110 range to grab 93rd place in the graduate employability rankings in 2019. It is the only Canadian host site of a United Nations University and is one of the three best Canadian universities for research according to the QS World University Rankings ® 2019.

4. University of Alberta
Famed for its varying degrees of excellence across all fields of study including the humanities, sciences, creative arts, business and engineering, the University of Alberta is also a strong holder of a world-class employability reputation and has climbed an impressive seven places, now ranking 87th in the world for this indicator, whilst achieving the highest score for the graduate employment rate of all the Canadian universities listed.

3. University of British Columbia
Renowned for its academic excellence and high employer reputation, the University of British Columbia claims 38th place in the graduate employability ranking. With an impressive score for employer reputation, the university comes second highest in the country for this indicator after the University of Toronto. Amongst the University of British Columbia’s strongest subjects are geography, mineral and mining engineering and sports-related subjects, as ranked in the QS World University Rankings by Subject.

2. University of Waterloo
Coming 25th in the world for graduate employability, the University of Waterloo boasts particularly remarkable scores for its partnerships with employers and graduate employment rate, both in the global top 40. Named as Canada’s most innovative university for 26 years in a row according to a survey by Maclean’s magazine, the university offers undergraduates the world’s largest post-secondary co-operative education program, which provides them with the opportunity to combine study with work. Students are given the chance to attain valuable work experience with notable worldwide companies such as Amazon, Google and Facebook.

1. University of Toronto
The University of Toronto continues to lead the way among the best Canadian universities for graduate employability, coming 12th in the world, having gone up three places from last year. It ranks higher than any other Canadian university for both the alumni outcomes indicator, as well as for its partnerships with employers. Some of the University of Toronto’s most noteworthy alumni include four Canadian prime ministers, and other notable figures such as actor Donald Sutherland and Canada’s first female astronaut and the first neurologist in space, Roberta Bondar.
So, how good are the top universities in Canada for Masters study?
Canada does very well in global rankings, with several Canadian universities in the world top 100 for each ranking. This performance is particularly impressive given the comparatively small size of the Canadian higher education system. Canada has around 100 universities, whereas the neighbouring USA has around 4,000.

Benefits of Studying in Canada

1. Great Canadian universities
Canada prides itself on top universities and research institutions, recognized all around the world. This is because the educational system here is based on cross-disciplinary studies, combined with teaching transferable skills and great facilities. The Canadian universities in the top 100 according to the Times Higher Education Rankings are: the University of Toronto, University of British Columbia, McGill University, You can also check out Canadian universities that offer online Bachelors: Yorkville University, British Columbia Institute of Technology

2. Accessible Canadian student visa process
One of the main reasons why Canada is a growing international student destination is because the country has a transparent, accessible visa application process for international students. To apply for a degree at a Canadian university you generally go to the programme’s application page to upload a number of required documents which include: Your high school Graduation certificate, The completed application form, Your CV, Your Letter of Intent, Proof of English language proficiency or French (in francophone territories), Evidence that you can support yourself financially during your studies. Only after you have been accepted at a Canadian university you can start applying for a Canadian student visa.
3. Canada has a great social system and a hip Prime Minister
Canada is becoming a very progressive and inclusive country, and this is largely influenced by its young, handsome, and brainy Prime Minister, Justin Trudeau. He is pro-choice, pro-legalising marijuana, for people that like to get dazed. A few more years of Mr Trudeau and Canada is likely to make the Netherlands jealous. Did we mention he is also a feminist? With such leadership, there’s no wonder Canada is drawing in so many young students.

4. Canada has affordable tuition fees and living costs tuition fees start at around 400 CAD/year for programmes in Social Sciences, Art, or Education. Quite a few programmes range between 1,000 and 4,000 CAD/year, but the vast majority of them cost over 10,000 CAD/ year. As far as the living costs are concerned—housing, entertainment, and food— you need to budget between 1,000 and 2,000 CAD/month. The priciest cities are Vancouver and Calgary. Some of the cheapest university cities are Hamilton, Quebec City, Ottawa. The best thing about Canada is the fact that the average cost of studies and living expenses for international students is lower than in other top student destinations — the UK, the U.S., and Australia.

5. Canada has excellent Bachelor’s degrees
This bilingual country has such a wide variety of good study options, that the problem is not finding the one you are looking for, but choosing from so many eye-catching ones. Enrolling in a Post-graduate’s programme in Canada means signing for an academic adventure where curiosity, innovation, and research are highly appreciated.

6. You can work and study in Canada
International students can work 20 hours/week during school semesters and up to 30 hours/week during school breaks. What’s more, if you work in the campus area, you will not need a work permit. Such a permit is required for full-time employment outside campuses. Some of the best part-time student jobs in Canada are bookkeeper, customer service assistant, office assistant. During summer breaks you will have the opportunity to find temp jobs at festivals, camps, concerts, holiday venues. And did we mention that Canada has a lot of high-paying jobs? They are mostly available for those seeking full-time employment. So, if you’re thinking of staying in Canada after your studies then you should consider doing studies in subjects that guarantee the best paychecks.

7. Canada has a perfect blend of nature, technology, and culture

Beyond the obvious reasons why you should study in Canada, there are some extra perks for choosing to do a post-graduate degree there. It is the unique mix of high-tech, breath-taking natural landscape, and multiculturalism. Canada is one of the highest-ranked countries regarding the quality of life. It has parks and gardens, even in big cities, and you can find a cultural event to attend anytime—at theatres, art centres and museums. Canada also ranks as one of the safest and most peaceful countries in the world, so this should definitively be a huge plus in your searches.

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